Volume 4, Issue 1 (2013)                   IQBQ 2013, 4(1): 39-63 | Back to browse issues page

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Dorpar M. A Critical Stylistic Analysis of Jashn-e Farkhonde. IQBQ. 2013; 4 (1) :39-63
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-3384-en.html
Researcher, Department of Persian Language & Literature, Iran Academy of Literary Criticism, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4851 Views)
This paper suggests the use of new branches of stylistics along with appropriate devices for the analysis of Persian texts. As a step in this direction, stylistic properties of Jashn-e Farkhonde, a short story of Jalalal-e Al-e ahmad, were analyzed with the approach of Critical stylistics answering these major questions: “What is the ideology behind the text?”, “What stylistic features discover this ideology?” and “What is the function of the ideology behind the text?” It is assumed that, in this short story, ideology is a mechanism for struggle against domination. To provide an answer to these questions, narrative and textual macro-layers of this short story are examined along with an analysis of focalization, focalization continuity (shifting focalization and multiple-focalization), facets of focalization (the perceptual facets including tense, order, duration, frequency and space, an overall and eye-bird’s view or a partial and close-up view, cognitive facet and ideological facet) and micro-layers of lexicon, syntax, and rhetoric in connection with the outer layer (the situational context of the text). It is assumed that the awareness obtained from focalization and analysis of micro-layers will result in the discovery of ideology and power relations in the text. The reslts showed that characteristics of text from contrasting personalities and contrasting discourses that reach unity to the narrator's father. Too much use of swear words and his imperative sentences indicate the hidden ideology of the text; that is dissatisfaction of author, as a critical intellectual that represents groups of community from both social and political currents mentioned in the story.      
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Discourse Analysis
Received: 2012/06/10 | Accepted: 2012/08/12 | Published: 2012/08/27

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