Volume 7, Issue 3 (2016)                   IQBQ 2016, 7(3): 19-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Taghi Pour A. A comparative study of different functions of the letter ‘واو’ in Persian and Arabic by a comprehensive look at Saadi’s poems. IQBQ. 2016; 7 (3) :19-34
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-10884-en.html
Assistant Professor in Arabic language and literature, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Gilan, Iran
Abstract:   (1779 Views)
Persian and Arabic have been related for so many years. These two languages have influenced each other not only at the level of vocabulary but also in some other levels such as morphology, phonology, and even syntax. This study aims at investigating one of language interferences which is the letter ‘واو’. The purpose of this study is to show that regarding the letters especially the letter ‘واو’. Persian has borrowed a lot from Arabic. It means that both the function and the form of this letter have changed in Persian. However, with more care, it can be realized that many functions of this letter in Persian are still the same as in Arabic. When this letter comes between two nouns, verbs, or sentences, it has both its main syntactic function i.e. a conjunction and also some other semantic and rhetoric functions in the sentence. Letter ‘واو’ is used with different meanings such as ‘manner’, ‘oath’, ‘with’, ‘but’, and also ‘because’. The results of the present study show that words such as ‘واگر’, ‘وگر’, and ‘ور’ in Persian which have the function of conjunction in discourse as well as the meaning of condition, are the result of  Arabic words translation like ‘واِن’ or ‘ولو’, as these words have not had a long history in Persian.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Comparative linguistics
Received: 2015/03/1 | Accepted: 2015/08/25 | Published: 2016/07/22

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