Volume 8, Issue 2 (2017)                   IQBQ 2017, 8(2): 127-147 | Back to browse issues page

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Ebrahimsharifi S, Vali pour A. The survey of cultural - ethnic aspects of stable comparisons (proverb with such like) describing the appearance in Russian and Persian language. IQBQ. 2017; 8 (2) :127-147
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-11933-en.html
1- PhD student of Russian language education, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor of Department of Russian language, Tehran University,
Abstract:   (1288 Views)
This study investigated the stable comparison (SC) describing human appearance in the Russian and Persian languages so that it can compare and analyze the languages picture of the word of these two languages through these cultural marked linguistic units which are considered as the total- reflection of the languages picture of the word. The SC are special layers of phraseological unit neglected by the researchers, and it can be said that they reflect their speakers’ lifestyle, mentality and cultural color more than other types of phraseological units . This study was within a cultural linguistics research formwork and was the first attempt to compare and investigate the SC between the Russian and Persian languages. This was a statistical, comparative-analytical study aiming to answer the following question: Is there any difference between the Russian and Persian languages regarding the covert language’s picture of the word of the SC? It tasted the hypothesis that since Iranian and Russian are different with respect to their belief, ethnicity, and geography of their living place, a trivial culture with common ground will be found, and the effect of these factors should generally be observed in their language’s picture of the word. The results of this study were divided into the quantitative and content categories. According to the quantitative results, the distribution of SC was 0.3% showing the low level of cultural common grounds between Russian and Iranian and the significant difference in their cultural linguistic picture which confirms the hypothesis. With respect to the content analysis of the studied samples, the factors such as religious elements, beliefs, and behaviors (Russian: beautiful like God- Persian: like Usef); the characters and figures of mythological and literature (Russian: Koschei, Kolobok- Persian: Rostam, Rakhsh); historical characters (Persian: Omar, Yazid); and geographical climate and living tools (Russian: Kolomna verst- Persian: Moshk Saqa) played the major role in creating the difference in the language’s picture of the word of these ethnics.
Full-Text [PDF 341 kb]   (632 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Received: 2016/01/1 | Accepted: 2016/05/20 | Published: 2017/05/22

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