Volume 6, Issue 7 (2016)                   IQBQ 2016, 6(7): 73-85 | Back to browse issues page

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Jam B. Comparing the Pronunciation of Third Person Singular Ending in Standard Colloquial and Esfahani Persian in the framework of Optimality Theory. IQBQ. 2016; 6 (7) :73-85
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-1681-en.html
Assistant Professor of English, University of Shahrekord, Iran
Abstract:   (2934 Views)
Third person singular ending -ad is pronounced [e] in standard colloquial Persian but [ed] in Esfahani Persian. This is due to the changing of /a/ to [e] in both accents as well as the deletion of /d/ in the standard colloquial accent rather than Esfahani accent. Furthermore, -ad is pronounced [d] in both accents in the case the last phoneme of the verb to which it is added is /A/. This is due to the deletion of /a/ and not /d/. This research aimed at coming up with inclusive rankings of constraints to explain these three different pronunciations of the third person singular ending within Optimality Theory (Prince and Smolensky, 1993/2004). In this paper, it is argued that /d/ deletion feeds the changing of /a/ to [e] in the standard colloquial accent. It is also argued that the markedness constraint that causes the changing of /a/ to [e] in the standard colloquial accent is different from the one that causes the same process in Esfahani accent.
 
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Received: 2014/11/9 | Accepted: 2015/01/20 | Published: 2016/02/19

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