Volume 6, Issue 5 (2015)                   IQBQ 2015, 6(5): 49-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Anoushe M. Aspect and Tense Projections in the Complex Agentive Adjectives: A Distributed Morphology Approach. IQBQ. 2015; 6 (5) :49-72
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-2138-en.html
Assistant Professor of Linguistics at Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1876 Views)
In the last two decades, several approaches to the theory of word formation have emerged which are sometimes quite different in spirit. In contrast to the lexicalist approaches, the theory of Distributed Morphology claims that the complex structure of a word is created in the same way as is the complex structure of a phrase or sentence. Focusing on complex agentive adjectives, the present study argues that there is aparallel between syntactic structure of simple sentences and morphological structure of synthetic compounds in Persian. For this, first the structure of simple sentences will be briefly examined within the framework of Distributed Morphology, before returning to the derivation of compounds. Then, it will be argued that the same hierarchy of lexical and functional projections, including tense and aspect projections, can be found in the morphological structure of agentive adjectives. Finlly, based on the theoretical and empirical considerations provided in the previous sections, the traditional view on the word-formation of agentive adjectives will be totally rejected.On the basis of this analysis, pairs like “dars-xān” (educating) and “dars-xānde” (educated) are both agentive adjectives which just differ in the tense feature and the presence/absence ofAspect Projection, no matter whether the verbal stem is present or past.  
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Received: 2015/05/20 | Accepted: 2015/08/24 | Published: 2015/11/22

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