Volume 6, Issue 3 (2015)                   IQBQ 2015, 6(3): 19-43 | Back to browse issues page

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Poshtvan H, Haghbin F, Afrashi A. Representation of Motion Events in Persian-Speaking Children's Narratives; A Cognitive Approach. IQBQ. 2015; 6 (3) :19-43
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-7603-en.html
1- M.A. in General Linguistics, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor of General linguistics, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate Professor of Linguistics, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2706 Views)
Based on Talmy’s (2000) lexicalization patterns, languages are considered either verb-framed or satellite-framed in terms of the language unit (either verb roots or satellites) that encodes Path of motion.  According to Talmy’s hypothesis Indo-European languages except for Post Hellenic and Romans fall into satellite-framed class, since speakers of these languages conflate Manner of motion in the verb roots, while Path appears in satellites. This paper investigates the pervasive pattern Persian pre-school speaker children use to express motion components, namely Manner and Path in elicited narratives based on ten short animated clips simultaneously demonstrating Manner and path of motion. The Children’s narratives have further been compared to those of adults in order to highlight differences and similarities in mapping two semantic components onto language units. In the end, it has been discussed whether or not Persian, as an Indo-European language fits into Talmy’s binary typology. The analysis in this study illustrates that when narrating motion pictures, children follow the same pattern as adults do to encode Manner and Path; both groups employ path verbs with or without path satellites for vertical displacements, and prepositional phrases for horizontal trajectories where boundary crossing occurs. Manner of motion is either conflated in verb roots or not mentioned. Therefore as far as Path of motion is concerned, Persian language within the scope of the present study fits into verb-framed class of languages
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics|Sense
Received: 2013/11/11 | Accepted: 2014/02/24 | Published: 2015/07/23

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