Volume 8, Issue 1 (2017)                   IQBQ 2017, 8(1): 179-205 | Back to browse issues page

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Rostambeik Tafreshi A, Hajirezaie A, Assi M, Pahlevan zadeh M. An Analysis of the Development of lexical cohesion in Persian -Speaking Students’ Written Discourse. IQBQ. 2017; 8 (1) :179-205
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-8899-en.html
1- Assistant professor, Linguistics Department, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tehran, Iran
2- Master of Linguistics in Institute for humanities and cultural studie,Tehran, Iran
3- Professor of Linguistics, Humanities and Cultural Studies,Tehran, Iran
4- MA in general linguistics, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1936 Views)
This research aims at analyzing and comparing the development of lexical cohesive devices (repetition, collocation, synonymy, hyponymy, meronymy) in Persian-Speaking students’ written discourse at primary level (9 to 12 years old) according to logical meta-function introduced in Halliday and Mathiessen’s systemic functional grammar (2004). Descriptive analytical method is used in this study. 45 students (boys) studying at primary school (4th, 5th and 6th grades) in 1393-94 have been selected through random-sampling. Two written tests in the form of picture stories were administered for gathering the written data. Frequency, percentage and pattern of development of using lexical cohesive devices were compared and analyzed. The frequency of lexical cohesive devices in 4th, 5th and 6th grades were, 862, 967, and 1119. Repetition and collocation in all grades are the most frequent and hyponymy and meronymy are the least frequent devices. The percentage of repetition decreases from 4th grade to 6th grade while in hyponymy and meronymy it is increased. According to Kruskal–Wallis test the differences of using synonymy and repetition are not significant although differences of using collocation, hyponymy and meronymy are significant (p≤ 0/05). It seems that not only the frequency of different lexical cohesive devices in students’ written discourse increases as the grades increase, but also more sophisticated  lexical cohesive devices are found in writings of the students in higher grades.

 Keywords: Lexical cohesion, written discourse, Functional grammar, Students.
Full-Text [PDF 509 kb]   (1332 Downloads)    
Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Discourse Analysis
Received: 2015/10/28 | Accepted: 2016/01/5 | Published: 2017/03/21

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