Volume 6, Issue 5 (2015)                   IQBQ 2015, 6(5): 191-213 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezai V, naisani M. Typological Analysis of Persian Auxiliaries. IQBQ. 2015; 6 (5) :191-213
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-9153-en.html
1- Associate Professor of Linguistics, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran
2- Ph.D. candidate in General Linguistics, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (3083 Views)
  The present study investigates the auxiliary selection in the languages which use this way to encode perfect and progressive aspect, future tense and passive. In other words, it investigates how Persian makes use of the universal auxiliary categories, be and have, and then it attempts to find out the similarities and differences between this language and others with regard to the selection of these verbs. In the next step the gathered data is analyzed within the framework of croft (2003). The study of various languages showed that the selection of each of auxiliary verbs is not an accidental matter but represents different grammatical and historical development. It is concluded that Persian tends to select the verb be for the perfective aspect and in this way it is more similar to Germanic languages rather than Romance ones. With regard to progressive aspect this language uses the verb have and used to select the verb be before with respect to passive voice although it now uses another auxiliary verb as the production of language invention. For future tense the concept of volition remains in its auxiliary verb. Thus some Persain language usages of the auxiliary verbs follow the universal markedness hierarchy while others are restricted to a few number of world’s languages.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Received: 2014/02/13 | Accepted: 2014/05/3 | Published: 2015/11/22

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