Volume 6, Issue 6 (2016)                   IQBQ 2016, 6(6): 229-257 | Back to browse issues page

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Kord Zafaranloo Kambuziya A, Hashemi E S. Phonological Adaptation of Vowels of Arabic loanwords in Persian: Optimality Approach. IQBQ. 2016; 6 (6) :229-257
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-9562-en.html
1- Associate Professor of Linguistics, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
2- Ph.D. Linguistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2139 Views)
Borrowing words is a common and unavoidable phenomenon that is closely related to relation of different linguistic communities. The purpose of this research is to study the phonological adaptation of Arabic loanwords in Persian focusing on vowels system. Authors gathered 1647 Arabic loan words from Persian Dictionary of Moien and Sokhan, and then they extracted phonemic form of loan words from four Arabic dictionaries. Phonemic forms of the words in Persian were collected from both Dictionaries. All the phonemic forms of the words were written in IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet). And then by comparing two phonemic forms of the words, they found the phonological rules of adaptation. The framework of the study is OT (Optimality Theory) according to Prince and Smolensky. An optimal Tableau was considered for each phonological rules and explain the competition of constraints. The finding of the present study is that vowel substitution is the most common phonological rules in adaptation of Arabic vowels in Persian.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Received: 2014/07/28 | Accepted: 2014/10/8 | Published: 2015/12/22

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