Volume 11, Issue 1 (2020)                   LRR 2020, 11(1): 301-328 | Back to browse issues page

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Bamshadi P, Ansarian S. The role of second order schemas in the analysis of [N + ʃenɑsi/negɑri/kɑvi]N and their corresponding adjectives in Persian. LRR. 2020; 11 (1) :301-328
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-27313-en.html
1- Department of Linguistics, Shahid Beheshti University , parsa.bamshadi@gmail.com
2- Department of Linguistics, Shahid Beheshti University
Abstract:   (2390 Views)
The purpose of the present study is to apply the concept of ‘second order schemas’ within the framework of Construction Morphology (Booij, 2010, 2018) for analyzing some morphological structures in Persian in order to explain how these structures are formed. Second order schemas, which are defined as sets of two or more paradigmatically related constructional schemas, are employed in the present research as an analytical tool for explaining three morphological patterns that predominantly are related to scientific disciplines, branches and technologies. These patterns include: (1) nouns with the structure [N-ʃenɑs-i] and their corresponding relational adjectives; (2) nouns with the structure [N-negɑr-i] and their corresponding relational adjectives; (3) nouns with the structure [N-kɑv-i] and their corresponding relational adjectives.
In the first derivative structure, a noun is combined with the present stem of ‘ʃenɑs’ (‘know’) and the suffix ‘i’. The output of this schema is a noun denoting a scientific discipline or branch, as represented below:
[[x]Ni -ʃenɑs]N –i]Nj ó [a scientific discipline/branch for studying SEMi]j
The above schema has two corresponding relational adjectives, as illustrated below:
Noun                                               Relational adjective 1               Relational adjective 2
zabɑn-ʃenɑs-i (‘linguistics’)            zabɑn-ʃenɑxt-i (‘linguistic’)       zabɑn-ʃenɑs-ɑne (‘linguistic’)
ravɑn-ʃenɑs-i (‘psychology’)          ravɑn-ʃenɑxt-i (‘psychologyical’)           ravɑn-ʃenɑs-ɑne (‘psychologyical’)
These two patterns can be accounted for by the following second order schemas in which
there is a paradigmatic relationship between the verb stems or the affixes in the two constructional schemas.
<[[x]Ni -ʃenɑs-i]Nj ó SEMj> ≈ <[[x]Ni -ʃenɑxt-i]Ak ó [Related to/based on SEMj]k>
<[[x]Ni -ʃenɑs-i]Nj ó SEMj> ≈ <[[x]Ni -ʃenɑs-ɑne]Ak ó [Related to/based on SEMj]k>
In the second derivative structure, a noun is combined with the verb stem ‘negɑr’ (‘graph’) and the suffix ‘i’ to form a noun denoting a scientific method or technology.
<[[x]Ni -negɑr-i]Nj ó [a scientific method/technology for studying/analyzing SEMi]j>
The paradigmatic relationship between this schema and its two adjectival schemas can be expressed by the following second order schemas:
<[[x]Ni -negɑr-i]Nj ó SEMj> ≈ <[[x]Ni -negɑʃt-i]Ak ó [Related to/based on SEMj]k>
<[[x]Ni -negɑr-i]Nj ó SEMj> ≈ <[[x]Ni -negɑr-ɑne]Ak ó [Related to/based on SEMj]k>
Here is an example of the above two second order schemas:
Noun                                               Relational adjective 1             Relational adjective 2
qowm-negɑr-i (‘ethnography’)        qowm-negʃt-i (‘ethnographic’)            qowm-negɑr-ɑne (‘ethnographic’)
In the third derivative structure, a noun is combined with the verb stem ‘kɑv’ (‘analyze’) and the suffix ‘i’ to form a noun denoting a scientific discipline, approach or method.
<[[x]Ni -kɑv-i]Nj ó [a scientific discipline/approach/method for studying/analyzing SEMi]j>
An example of this schema and its two relational adjectives is as follow:
Noun                                                 Relational adjective 1                         Relational adjective 2
ravɑn-kɑv-i (‘psychoanalysis’)         ravɑn-kɑft-i (‘Psychoanalytic’)            ravɑn-kav-ɑne (‘Psychoanalytic’)
The following second order schemas show the morphological patterns of the corresponding relational adjective:
<[[x]Ni -kɑv-i]Nj ó SEMj> ≈ <[[x]Ni -kɑv-ane]Ak ó [Related to/based on SEMj]j>
<[[x]N –kɑv-i]Ni ó SEMi> ≈ <[[x]N –kɑft-i]Aj ó [Related to/based on SEMi]j>
The results show that ‘second order schemas’ are useful analytical tools for explaining the way in which the aforementioned structures are formed. These results also suggest that the constructional approach, unlike the derivational approach, can promisingly explain the way in which such problematic structures are formed.
 

 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Linguistics
Published: 2020/03/29

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