Volume 6, Issue 1 (2015)                   LRR 2015, 6(1): 57-85 | Back to browse issues page

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Danesh Pazhouh F, Karimi Dustan G H, Mohamad Ebrahimi Z, Rovshan B. Semantic and Syntactic Role of the Rā Morpheme in Sorani Kurdish. LRR. 2015; 6 (1) :57-85
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-4009-en.html
1- Ph.D., Department of Linguistics, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor, Department of General Linguistics, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of General Linguistics, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Linguistics & Foreign Languages, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4291 Views)
The purpose of this paper is to examine the role of semantic and syntactic rā morpheme in Sorani Kudish based on Van Valin’s (1996, 1997, 2007) Role and Reference Grammar.  In this paper, it is shown that attaching –rā to the verb causes to absent all specific roles related to actor, e.g. agent, force, instrument and other specific roles such as experiencer, performer, consumer, etc. in the syntax level. These specific roles directly affect the undergoer. Since in all of the mentioned cases, the manifestation of -rā causes to the absence of actor in the syntax level, the crucial role of this morpheme is an anti-actor. In terms of semantic properties of NP, the more agency of NP, the more attaching –rā to the verb. Although the manifestation of -rā often occurs in the sentences containing two-argument verbs. It also occurs in intransitive sentences containing actor, and causes to the absence of the actor. Moreover, based on the presence of –rā morpheme in a structure, it further plays the role of a non-active morpheme, and it is shown that all non-active structures have semantically actor.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Published: 2015/03/21

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