Volume 6, Issue 2 (2015)                   LRR 2015, 6(2): 197-214 | Back to browse issues page

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Vafaie A A, Mastali Parsa G, Dadras S M. A New Investigation into the Onomatopoeic Suffix /-ast/ of New Persian. LRR. 2015; 6 (2) :197-214
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-8563-en.html
1- Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2- Associate Professor of Persian Language and Literature, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
3- Ph.D. Student of Persian Language and Literature, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (4573 Views)
The onomatopoeic suffix /-ast/ is an archaic suffix of New Persian, which has mainly occurred in the Dari manuscripts belonging to Khorâsân dialectal region. Some researchers such as Jalal Matini, Ali Ravaghi, Najib Mayel-e-Heravi and others, with reference to these manuscripts and modern Khorâsâni dialects, have known this suffix as a Khorâsâni suffix. After that, Hasan Hatami has found examples of another variety of the suffix /-ast/, i.e. /ešt/, in Kâzerouni dialect, as a non-Khorâsâni dialect, without dealing with its history or origin. Accordingly, based on new findings from Khuzestâni dialects and Persian classical texts, the writers in the present article have attempted to hypothesize over the formation of the suffix /-ast/; according to which /-ast/ has been derived from the gerund-making suffix /-išt/. It seems that at a particular period of time, the suffix /-išt/ began to occur extensively in onomatopoeias. On the other hand, a gerund-making type of /-ast/ (or perhaps /-ist/), has been seen in "Qorʼān-e Qods", an old manuscript written in southern Iran (Sīstān), which could be considered as the historical link between the Khorâsâni onomatopoeic suffix (/-ast/) and the southern one (i.e. /-ešt/). 
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Linguistics
Published: 2015/05/22

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