Volume 8, Issue 6 (2018)                   IQBQ 2018, 8(6): 247-271 | Back to browse issues page

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doori N, nikkhoo A, farashahi Y. Narrative Analysis of Two Short Stories: “To Whom I Say Hello” by Simin Daneshvar and “Zane Ziadi” by Jalal-e- Al Ahmad. IQBQ. 2018; 8 (6) :247-271
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-14-1276-en.html
1- Associate Professor in Department of Persian Language and Literature, University of Tarbiat Modarres
2- PhD student of Persian Language and Literature, University of Hormozgan
Abstract:   (1268 Views)
The concept of narration, with a background as long as the human’s history, has already provided a suitable area for critics’ analysis and assumptions about tales, stories and other types and forms of narration in the form of Narrative Science.
In this paper we are going to analyze and compare the application of narrative view and focus in two short stories of “To Whom I Say Hell?” by Simin Daneshvar and “Zane-Ziadi ” by Jalal Al Ahmad via investigating the structure of the language at the first place on the basis of linguistic features and narrative viewpoints.
Accordingly, the current study tries to answer the following questions:

How the applied language in the above mentioned works can be affective in forming the role of the narrator and finally, the focus?
Have these traits and features been leading us to the same type of narrator and focus features in order to clarify the typology of the story?
Have the narrative discourse and prevailing viewpoint and the resulting context in both stories led us to the same hidden author?

But in this respect, linguistic and narrative mechanisms of both stories alongside the different types of writers based on their gender and engagement pave the way to better compare both stories according to their viewpoint. To this end, and according to linguistic and narrative patterns, the following results were obtained in two levels of parts of speech and syntax of discourse. Contrary to “Zane Ziadi”, “To whom I say hello?” benefits from present tense verbs, the lack of negative modality at the level of parts of speech, first person protagonist viewpoint, internal focalization and discontinuous discourse procedure which make Daneshvar’s discourse more successful in internal focalization at the level of discourse syntax, while in “To whom I say hello?” , the use of past and perfect tense verbs , negative modality with high frequency , rhetorical questions and heavy sentences with logical chain of argument make the distance between both stories. Here, it is easily possible to hear the voice of Ale- Ahmad behind the voice of woman’s narrator which seems negative and external in comparison with writer’s internal focalization. Hence, the presence of two internal and external narrators, has led to the emergence of hidden author and dominant discourse in this story.
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Received: 2016/09/4 | Accepted: 2017/02/20 | Published: 2018/01/21

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