Volume 14, Issue 4 (2023)                   LRR 2023, 14(4): 127-155 | Back to browse issues page


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salimi M, Dastgoshadeh A, bayangani B. An Investigation into Language Identity and Second Language Identity Development (Case study: province of kurdistan). LRR 2023; 14 (4) :127-155
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-48696-en.html
1- PhD student in General Linguistics, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of English Language Teaching, Department of English, Islamic Azad University, Sanandaj Branch, Iran , adastgoshadeh@gmail.com
3- Assistant Professor of Sociology,Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Golestan University, Iran
Abstract:   (2603 Views)
This article draws on the research of Kordistan Province Residents to find out the correlation between language identity and language identity development. The present research is a descriptive survey, a type of correlational research method. For this purpose, 407 questionnaires were distributed among statistical samples. Sampling was done by proportional classification method. The reliability of the questionnaire was obtained and confirmed by Cronbachchr('39')s alpha and its validity was confirmed by confirmatory factor analysis. The study was done in the light of  Khatib and Rezaei (2013(and  Taylor (2010) method, the language identity and the second language identity model. To test the research hypothesis, correlation test, Pearson test and structural equation model were used. The results show that except for pronunciation, there is a meaningful negative correlation among the categories of language identity and language identity development in residents living in Kurdistan province and regarding  to language identity development, loyalty has the most explanatory role.
The goals of the present research are as follows:
- To what extent is there a significant relationship between language identity  and language identity development among the residents of Kurdistan province?
- To what extent is there a significant relationship between the dimensions of language identity and language identity development among the residents of Kurdistan province?
- Which of the dimensions of language identity play the greatest role in the language identity development of the residents of Kurdistan province?
As mentioned above, in this research, the model of language identity and second language identity of Khatib and Rezaei (2013) and Taylor (2010) has been used. Language identity includes 6 dimensions: loyality, pronunciation, social status, usage, knowledge and writing, and language identity development also includes 3 dimensions: individual, expectations of others and learning, which were used after localization and purification  the original treatise, 6 dimensions of Taylor's (2010). It is worth mentioning that a survey model has not been used in previous articles and studying, which is why the current article is considered innovative. Also, in terms of investigation in a specific society, this research is similar to the researches of Khatib and Rezaei (2013) and Hosseini (2016), in which the effect of second language education on the change of  identity of the first language in a specific society is discussed.
According to the stated principles, the conceptual model of the research is proposed as follows:




loyality
pronunciation
social status
knowledge
usage
writing
language identity
individual
expectations of others
learning
language identity development
 
Figure 1
 Conceptual model: Source Khatib and Rezaei (2013) and Taylor (2010)
















In this study, descriptive and inferential statistical analysis methods were used to test the collected data. Factor analysis methods were used to obtain the criteria of the measurement model and also to match the proposed model with the facts of the statistical society.
In order to investigate the relationship between the variables of language identity and language identity development, due to the normality of the data, the parametric test of Pearson's correlation coefficient and the structural equation model were used, and the results indicate that the relationship between these two variables is negative.
The results also show that there is a negative and significant relationship between loyality and language identity development.
But as the Pearson correlation coefficient was higher than 0.05 and the significance value of the structural equation model test was higher than -1.96. the results Indicates the rejection of a meaningful relationship between pronunciation and language identity development.
In order to study the relationship between social status and language identity development, Pearson's correlation test and structural equation models were used. The results indicate the confirmation of relationship between these two variables.
And finally, in order to investigate the relationship between language use and language identity development, the parametric test of Pearson's correlation coefficient and the structural equation model were used, and the results indicated that the relationship between these two variables is negative.

 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Sociology of language
Published: 2023/10/2

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