Volume 14, Issue 4 (2023)                   LRR 2023, 14(4): 95-126 | Back to browse issues page


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sajjadifar و, kasani N. Semiotics of Life Style in Animal Farm Story by George Orwell Based on Eric Landowski’s Pattern. LRR 2023; 14 (4) :95-126
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-52190-en.html
1- PhD student in Persian language and literature at Razi University; Kermanshah , vahid.sajjadifar1984@gmail.com
2- Master student of general linguistics at Razi University; Kermanshah
Abstract:   (2688 Views)
The theme of animal farm story by George Orwell is political- social in which, the collaboration among main characters in the path of formation a same and unique aim (independent animal society), is clear completely. This type collaboration, in the following, leads to appear a revolution and create an independent animal society in the bounds of some obligatory paradigms. But, in the following of narration, each of the characters indicates a special marked actions towards the independent animal society which challenges the expectation for integrity in life styles and also how it is approached in this story.
The aim of this research which is an analytic- comparative research, is analyzing and considering the life style in Animal Farm story, based on the Eric Landowski’s life style pattern (French social Semioticion), while determining the integrity or differences in life style discourse in this story, also explaining how it is approached, that includes some items: stationary, dynamic, repetirion oriented and processing or non-processing.
The results of this research show that according to author’s prediction, life style discourse in this story, is shown in a different form. In between, the life style of cameleon and central group and life style of ours have the most and the least frequency, respectively ands also in the most cases, the approach of life style in this story is stationary and non- processing .

1. Introduction
Animal Farm story by  George Orwell has a political- social theme in which there are relatively abundant characters. This story narrates the history of those animals in the form “fable”, which get together for a same goal and create a revolution in a farm to form a civil society with specific and obligatory principles. But each of animals , gradually indicates meaningful actions towards this created society and because of repetition of these actions, can be considered as a life style. That’s why this research aims to recognizes and analyzes how life style is shown in this story according to Landowski’s pattern which presents the pattern of four life styles.
Research Question(s)
With regard to mentioned items, this research aims to answer the following questions:
  1. according to the grouping the life styles in Landowski’s pattern, what is the approach of subjet’s life style in terms of being unique or different, in Animal Farm story?
  2. Is the process of formation of life style in Animal Farm story dynamic or a kind of  repetition oriented or stationary and non- processual?
  3. Is subjects’ life style different in this story and  which life style do subjects select among Landowski’s life style pattern?

2. Literature Review
This research has been carried out  based on Eric Landowski’s four life styles pattern that defines four life styles: Dandy, Snob, Cameleon, bear , in relatin to a central group. With regard to searching different scientific websites, no similar research has been done in this case.
 
3. Methodology
The methodology of this research is analytic- comparative, based on Eric Landowski’s life style pattern. This research aims to study main 14 characters in Animal Farm story in terms of their life style.

4. Results
The results of this research show that according to author’s prediction, life style discourse in this story, is shown in a different form.Among them, the life style of cameleon and central group and life style of bear have the most and the least frequency, respectively and also in the most cases, the approach of life style in this story is stationary and non- processual .     

Table 1
Frequency of lifestyle(s) of subjects in their narrative and lifestyle approach 
subject Arrangement of life styles of subjects in narrative The approach of life styles  of subjects
Snowball Central group Non-processual- stationary
Napoleon Cameleon- Dandy Processual- dunamic
Ship Snob Non-processual- stationary
Boxer Central group Non-processual- stationary
Molli bear- Cameleon- bear Processual- repetition oriented
Squealer Cameleon- Dandy Processual- dynamic
Benjamin Cameleon Non-processual- stationary
Major Central group Non-processual- stationary
Clover Central group Non-processual- stationary
Farm cat Cameleon Non-processual- stationary
Moses Cameleon- Dandy- Cameleon Processual- repetition oriented
Dogs Snob Non-processual- stationary
Moriel Central group Non-processual- stationary
Other animals Central group Non-processual- stationary

 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Semiotics
Published: 2023/10/2

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