Volume 15, Issue 3 (2024)                   LRR 2024, 15(3): 79-105 | Back to browse issues page


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Mashhadi A, Ghanavati M. Are Phrases Frozen? Investigating Lexical Bundles in Non-native and Native Reports in MICUSP. LRR 2024; 15 (3) :79-105
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-65641-en.html
1- Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran , Mashhadi.scu@gmail.com
2- Department of English Language and Literature, Faculty of Letters and Humanities, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
Abstract:   (783 Views)
As one of the most prominent components of native-like language use, lexical bundles play a crucial role in academic texts. Considering the amount of written language produced by writers, this study explored lexical bundles in non-native and native academic reports. To that end, 100 sample reports of non-native and native writers taken from the Michigan Corpus of Upper-level Student Papers (MICUSP) were selected and analyzed to find non-native and native writers’ use of lexical bundles regarding frequency, structure, and function. Results indicated that native writers generally used a more extensive variety of lexical bundles in their reports. Regarding the structure of bundles, both non-native and native writers tended to employ more noun phrases with of-phrase fragments. In terms of the functions of bundles, both groups of writers tended to use more research-oriented bundles, followed by text-oriented and participant-oriented bundles, respectively. Findings highlight the value of fixed expressions in producing coherent academic texts by proficient writers, hence their importance in materials design and second language instruction.
 

 
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Article Type: Research article | Subject: English language
Published: 2024/02/29

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