Volume 2, Issue 4 (2011)                   LRR 2011, 2(4): 123-144 | Back to browse issues page

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Kiany G R, Mousavi S I, Samar R G. The Relationship between Personality Traits and Gender, and Unwillingness to Communicate in a Foreign Language. LRR 2011; 2 (4) :123-144
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-6980-en.html
1- Associate in Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
2- Ph.D., Candidate in Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor in Teaching English as a Foreign Language, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (10368 Views)
Unwillingness-to-communicatation in a foreign language (UTC) on the part of learners, which is a tendency to avoid oral communication, is one of the main problems of language teachers. In a way, if the source of this unwillingness is determined, language teachers can decide better about those students who seem reluctant in the communication and usually avoid interactions. Yet the extent of this unwillingness is not constant among different individuals and it can be the result of many diverse factors. This study has focused on the relationship between the students' personality traits and their UTC, and the role of gender in the levels of UTC. In so doing, two highly validated measures of NEO Five Factor Model (NEO-FFM) and UTC scale of unwillingness to communicate were administered to 250 participants from four universities. The results of step-wise multiple regression showed that, from the five factors of personality (extraversion, neuroticism, conscientiousness, openness to experience and agreeableness), extraversion was the best predictor of UTC. The second and the third predictive variables were neuroticism and conscientiousness, respectively. While extraversion and conscientiousness had a negative relationship with UTC, neuroticism had a positive correlation. Moreover, the results of t-test proved no significant difference between the two groups of males and females with respect to their levels of UTC. In the end, drawing on the relevant literature, the results of the study have been discussed and the importance of findings has been explicated for teachers and language teaching practitioners.
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Article Type: Research Paper | Subject: Education
Published: 2011/06/14

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