Volume 15, Issue 2 (2024)                   LRR 2024, 15(2): 69-94 | Back to browse issues page


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khodadadi F. The role of counter-discourses in persuading the audience in Qaboosnameh. LRR 2024; 15 (2) :69-94
URL: http://lrr.modares.ac.ir/article-14-55956-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of Language and Literature, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Imam khomayni International University Qazvin, Iran , fazlollah1390@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (2457 Views)
Qaboosnameh is one of the valuable works of Persian prose in the fifth century and is the result of the experiences of Amir Rantul-Maali to his son Gilan Shah, in which the narrator taught his son about various issues of life, arts and professions in forty-four chapters. This work, which is also known as "Advice" and "Pandnameh", is a moral narrative with unique narrative structures, the most important of which is the existence of counter-discourses in the form of anecdotes. These anti-discourses are in support of the narrator's speech and aligned and in interaction with his moral-educational discourse, so that the optimistic narrator with deep insights and wise observations and embellishing and armed his words with supporting anti-dots such as: appropriate anecdotes, verses of the Quran, the speech of scholars and poems of poets, the wall It has created a strong defense and a strong support umbrella in the discourse system of the book, which has led to more persuasion of the narrative heard. The results of the present research show that anti-discourses in Qaboosnameh have been involved in persuasiveness of Shenu's narrative with roles such as instructiveness, influence, incitement, threat, experienceability and easy understanding and highlighting.

1. Introduction
In Qaboos, the narrator's letter is written by himself, and he is interested in such factors as: Quranic verses, the words of the elders, poems, appropriate stories, the frequency of great use of women and etc. It focuses its discourse on only one area (educational literature) and closes the way for other interpretations.  It hinders the plurality of discourse, and this has led all actions to jointly serve a primary purpose, which is advice and advice. This is the focus of discourse on a purpose and message through supporting elements, in semantics theories of discourse. The role of anti-speech is called and means to use a solution as a ploy from the word processor to highlight part of the statement, to influence the audience more, to support the statement. Repairing scarred relationships and instilling a particular sense of audience in discourse
Research Question(s)
The results of the present study show that the anti-discourses in the script with roles such as lesson, influence, persuasion, and threat. Easy experience and understanding and highlighting have been involved in persuading the Shenu narrative.

2. Literature Review
The present research has been conducted in a descriptive-analytical manner using library resources and the basis of the work has been based on the semiotics theory of discourse.

3. Methodology
In any discourse belonging to a particular genre, Blashk also has elements and themes specific to that genre, so that the mere existence of these elements and themes leads to the creation and durability of a general system with ideology. It becomes a specific structure and theme that can be considered a discourse. Every discourse in the following genre, including epic, educational, mystical, and rich, though powerful and dominant. It needs support to prove its legitimacy so that these protections, like a shadowy halo, return to the circle of discourses and support their legitimacy and existence under a particular genre they do. For example, in the Shahnameh, which belongs to the genre of epic and discourse, certain elements and themes such as Salakhshuri, Shabbakhon, Warrior, Courage, Exaggeration, Ranting, Weaponry, Wrestling, Forcefulness, Difference، Resonant cheques and...In all the text, as a supportive umbrella, it has helped to the durability and consistency of discourse. Also, in a text such as Qaboos, which belongs to educational discourse, elements and themes such as poems, appropriate anecdotes, admonition, beingware, persuading, encouraging, Quranic verses, hadiths, and proverbs. It has played a role in arming the text with supportive tools and has preserved it in a particular purpose, ideology, and structure. In this work “Hayt and Temask to Story” along with other elements, one of the important ways of communicating is where we witness the narrator's efforts to have more impact on the audience. This state of discourse supported by other discourses or elements that lead to the proof and support of the original discourse is called «pad discourse». In fact, the status of anti-speech means the same supportive and covering function that a discourse has in common with another discourse within a dialogue space, Moghaddam et al. (1396). The pods are set in a discourse based on a reliance on a central nucleus that embraces the meaning, message, and primary purpose of the narrative and serves a given purpose. Now that we accept that every discourse is armed with support pods.  We believe that this theoretical framework is covered by the text of the script and, while describing the role of anti-discourses in creating a supportive halo around the main purpose of the narrative، they also describe their various roles in how to persuade the Shenu (Ambud) narrative.

4. Results
The word processor is trying to do as best as possible. Convince the audience and convey their advice to him with linguistic-narrative techniques so that he is not in a position of power and the audience in a position of weakness. Text in this genre is a central core with a specific message and meaning that maintaining, expanding, and transmitting to the audience requires solidifying elements.  It is a pleasant and supportive person who is referred to as «pad» in the sign of discourse and narrative, and in discourse because they are defensive and expanding towards the central nucleus. They are known as anti-discourses. Qaboos letter from important Persian educational texts has such a structure, and the element of theologian in one text has given his son advice, and it is decided that in forty-four, Bob has a central nucleus (the title of Bob) extend, support, and convey; accordingly, his discourse has several supporting layers (pods of discourse) which include verses and hadiths, the words of the elders, proverbs, its proper poems, and anecdotes. Together, these pods are supported by halos in the form of appropriate anecdotes and form a pernicious discourse, with roles such as learnability, avoidance, easy understanding of the transmission of experience, influence، delivering, and threatening an important role in persuading and acclimating the audience within the text of Leele and Biruni audience and today's readers are responsible.
 
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Article Type: مقالات علمی پژوهشی | Subject: Discourse Analysis
Published: 2024/12/30

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