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2322-3081 :pISSN

2383-0816 :eISSN

Language Related Research

  • Editor-in-Chief: Hamid Reza Shairi
  • Publication Period: Bi-monthly
  • This is an Open Access Journal
Language Related Research
Publication Period: Papers in Persian (Bi-monthly); Papers in English and French (Bi-annually: June & December)
 
Publication Information
Editor-in-Chief H. R. Shairi
Professor of French Language and Literature,Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
shairi@modares.ac.ir
Director-in- Charge I. Motaghizadeh
Associate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature,Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
motaghizadeh@modares.ac.ir
Associate Editor A. Derakhshan
Associate Professor in Applied Linguistics, Golestan University, Golestan,  Iran
a.derakhshan@gu.ac.ir
Administrative Director Z. Saadat Nejad
PhD Student of French Language and Literature, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Journal Address Room 310, Third Floor, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Gisha Bridge, Tehran Iran. Zip Code: 1411713116 
Journal Number +98-21-82883633
Journal Fax +98-21-82883633
E-mail Address modaresllc@modares.ac.ir
modaresuniversity@gmail.com

 
 Journal Metrics
(https://www.scopus.com/sources.uri)
 
CiteScore: 0.2
SJR = 0.16
SNIP: 0.582
  Scopus 2nd Quartile: Rank=458/830 
 
  
 
 
This journal is a member of COPE.
(Committee on Publication Ethics)
  
 
 All submissions to LRR are checked for potential plagiarism using iThenticate.
 
 
Peer-Review Process in Tarbiat Modares University Press (TMUP)
 
All submitted articles are evaluated at the submission stage to meet the structural and subject principles of each journal. The matched articles will go under a double-blinded peer-review process by at least three reviewers (expert in the field who are not part of the journal’s editorial staff) who are selected by the Editorial Board members according to their field specialties. The Editorial Board members have the final responsibility to select the articles.
- A peer-reviewed journal is one that regularly obtains advice on individual manuscripts from reviewers who are not part of the journal’s editorial staff.
- Peer review is intended to improve the accuracy, clarity, and completeness of published manuscripts and to help editors decide which manuscripts to publish.
- Peer-review does not guarantee manuscript quality and does not reliably detect scientific misconduct.
- Peer-review manipulation, also referred to as fraudulent peer review, can be defined as a subversion of the peer review process, in which, an author or another person engaged on behalf of the author deceives a journal editor into sending a peer review invitation, such that the authors or a third party related to them can determine or control the contents of the review.
- Peer reviewers should be experts in the manuscript’s content area, research methods, or both; a critique of writing style alone is not sufficient.
- Peer reviewers should be selected based on their expertise and ability to provide high quality, constructive, and fair reviews.
- For research manuscripts, editors may seek the opinion of a statistical reviewer.
- Peer reviewers advise editors on how a manuscript might be improved and on its priority for publication in that journal.
- Editors decide whether and under which conditions manuscripts are accepted for publication, assisted by reviewers’ advice.
- Peer reviewers are sometimes paid for their efforts but usually provide their opinions free of charge, as a service to their profession.
- Editors should require all peer reviewers to disclose any conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, related to a particular manuscript and should take this information into account when deciding how to use their review. Generally speaking, people with a direct financial interest in the results of the manuscripts should not be reviewers.
- To be considered peer-reviewed, a journal should have obtained external reviews for the majority of manuscripts it publishes, including all original research and review articles. Some editors request peer review for other kinds of articles, such as opinion pieces (commentaries/editorials) and correspondence. To have been peer-reviewed, a manuscript should have been reviewed by at least one external reviewer; it is typical to have two reviewers, and sometimes more opinions are sought.
- Editors of peer-reviewed journals need not send all submitted manuscripts out for review. Manuscripts that seem unlikely to be published in that journal may be returned to authors without external review, to allow authors to submit the manuscript to another journal without delay and to make efficient use of reviewers’ and editors’ time.
- Editors should state their journal’s peer review policies, including which kinds of article, are peer-reviewed and by how many reviewers, in the instructions for authors.
- Editors should also periodically publish statistics describing their journal’s review process, such as the number of manuscripts submitted, acceptance rate, and average times from manuscript submission to rejection letter to authors and, for accepted manuscripts, time to publication.
- Editors should avoid using only author-recommended peer reviewers to review a paper.
- Editors should not use an author-recommended reviewer unless the person’s contact information is obtained from an independently validated source, e.g., from the reviewer’s publications or referred by a member of the Journal’s editorial board. Note that email addresses with top-level domains such as .edu are more likely to be reliably linked to the correct individual than those with other less tightly controlled domains (e.g., Gmail or Yahoo accounts). However, editors should not require reviewers to use their .edu or other professional email addresses because some institutions may not have reliable email access, particularly in low or middle-income countries, and their faculty may prefer to use non-institutional email addresses. [In these limited cases, Editors may want to encourage potential reviewers to include the non-institutional email address on their institutional Web page]. Editors should consider applying similar diligence to reviewer-suggested reviewer names and emails.
- If the editor determines that an author has supplied a reviewer’s email address that is not correct, then the editor should ask the author for an explanation. Merely supplying an incorrect email address (e.g., with a typo or an outdated email address) does not imply a deliberate intent to deceive or manipulate. If the email address appears to have been submitted with an intention to deceive the editor as to the submitter’s own email address, then the editor should take additional steps depending on the source of the deception, such as contacting the author’s institution.
- Editors should make every effort to find expert reviewers in the topics(s) addressed in the manuscript who are free of significant conflicts of interest. These efforts include the editors’ own expertise, and use of electronic databases, manuscript reference lists, editorial board recommendations, journal database searches, and the like. For highly specialized areas, chairs of departments and the like may have suggestions as to faculty with expertise.
- To avoid inviting peer reviewers with significant conflicts of interest, editors generally should exclude from consideration: (a) individuals who have co-authored manuscripts with the authors in the recent (e.g., 10 years) past, (b) individuals who work at the same institution as the authors, particularly if they are in the same area as an author or the institution is small, and (c) individuals who have other conflicts of interest, financial or otherwise, for or against the paper (for a discussion of conflicts of interest see here). If editors make exceptions to these general principles when inviting reviewers, they should keep in mind the exception and its potential implications for the reviewer’s recommendations.
- Potential reviewers should be asked to recuse themselves prior to accepting a peer review invitation if they have a conflict of interest for or against the manuscript or if they are otherwise unable to review the manuscript objectively. Reviewers who agree to review and then discover a potential conflict should contact the editor.
- Every peer-reviewed medical journal should have its own Conflict of Interest policies for authors, reviewers, and editors that are publicly available, and these should be provided to potential reviewers.
- Journal peer review systems should include a step asking the reviewers to report their potential conflicts of interest, requesting explanations and preventing review without editor intervention if reviewers answer in the affirmative.
 

 
Governing body
All TMU journals are under the scientific control of their Editorial Board, whose members are recognized experts in the subject areas included within the journal’s scope. Some executive roles of the Editorial Board members are delegated to the Editor-in-Chief, who is well-known in the journal’s scope.
A decision about a submitted manuscript to TMU journals is based only on its importance, originality, clarity, and relevance to the journal’s scope and content. Studies with negative results despite adequate power or those challenging previously published work receive equal consideration. Tarbiat Modares University Editorial Team (TMUET) has the responsibility to edit the accepted manuscripts before publishing to prevent potential falsifications and consistency of structural principles.
If a published paper is subsequently found to have errors or major flaws, TMUET takes responsibility for promptly correcting the written record in the journal. The specific content of the correction may address whether the errors originated with the author or the journal. The correction is listed in the table of contents to ensure that it is linked to the article to which it pertains to public databases (e.g., Scopus, PMC, PubMed, etc.).
Ratings of review quality and other performance characteristics of editors are periodically assessed to assure optimal journal performance and contribute to decisions on reappointment. Individual performance data must be confidential. These performance measures are also used to assess changes in process that might improve journal performance. The handling of manuscripts that may represent a conflict of interest for editors is described under the section on conflict of interest.
 
All the TMUET members
1. Respect their journal’s constituents (readers, authors, reviewers, and the human subjects of research) by:
    Making the journal’s processes (e.g., governance, editorial staff members, number of reviewers, review times, acceptance rate) transparent;
    Thanking reviewers for their work;
    Protecting the confidentiality of human subjects.
2. Promote self-correction in science and participate in efforts to improve the practice of scientific investigation by:
    Publishing corrections, retractions, and critiques of published articles;
    Take responsibility for improving the level of scientific investigation and medical writing in the larger community of potential authors and readers.
3. Assure the honesty and integrity of the content of their journal and minimize bias by:
    Managing conflicts of interest;
    Maintaining confidentiality of information;
    Separating the editorial and business functions of the journal.
4. Improve the quality of their journal by:
    Becoming familiar with the best practice in editing, peer review, research ethics, methods of investigation, and the rationale and evidence base supporting them;
    Establishing appropriate programs to monitor journals’ performance;
    Soliciting external evaluations of the journal’s effectiveness
 

 
Authorship
Authorship is a way of making explicit both credit and responsibility for the contents of published articles. Credit and responsibility are inseparable. The guiding principle for authorship decisions is to present an honest account of what took place. Criteria for authorship apply to all intellectual products, including print and electronic publications of words, data, and images. Journals should make their own policies on authorship transparent and accessible.
  • Everyone who has made substantial intellectual contributions to the study on which the article is based (for example, to the research question, design, analysis, interpretation, and written description) should be an author.
  • It is dishonest to omit mention of someone who has participated in writing the manuscript (“ghost authorship”) and unfair to omit investigators who have had an important engagement with other aspects of the work.
  • Only an individual who has made substantial intellectual contributions should be an author.
  • Performing technical services, translating text, identifying patients for the study, supplying materials, and providing funding or administrative oversight over facilities where the work was done are not, in themselves, sufficient for authorship, although these contributions may be acknowledged in the manuscript.
  • It is dishonest to include authors only because of their reputation, the position of authority, or friendship (“guest authorship”).
  • Many journals publish the names and contributions of everyone who has participated in the work (“contributors”). Not all contributors necessarily qualify for authorship. The nature of each contributors’ participation can be made transparent by a statement, published with the article, of their names and contributions.
  • One author (a “guarantor”) should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole. Often this is the corresponding author, the one who sends in the manuscript and receives reviews, but other authors can have this role. All authors should approve the final version of the manuscript.
  • It is preferable that all authors be familiar with all aspects of the work. However, modern research is often done in teams with complementary expertise so that every author may not be equally familiar with all aspects of the work. For example, a biostatistician may have greater mastery of statistical aspects of the manuscript than other authors but have somewhat less understanding of clinical variables or laboratory measurements. Therefore, some authors’ contributions may be limited to specific aspects of the work as a whole.
  • All authors should comply with the journals’ policies on conflict of interest.
  • Editors should not arbitrarily limit the number of authors.
  • There are legitimate reasons for multiple authors in some kinds of research, such as multi-center, randomized controlled trials. In these situations, a subset of authors may be listed with the title, with the notation that they have prepared the manuscript on behalf of all contributors, who are then listed in an appendix to the published article.
  • A “corporate” author (e.g., a “Group” name) representing all authors in a named study may be listed, as long as one investigator takes responsibility for the work as a whole. In either case, all individuals listed as authors should meet criteria for authorship whether or not they are listed explicitly on the byline.
  • If editors believe the number of authors is unusually large, relative to the scope and complexity of the work, they can ask for a detailed description of each author’s contributions to the work. If some do not meet the criteria for authorship, editors can require that their names be removed as a condition of publication.
  • The authors themselves should decide the order in which authors are listed in an article.
  • No one else other than authors knows as well as they do their respective contributions and the agreements they have made among themselves.
  • Many different criteria are used to decide order of authorship. Among these are relative contributions to the work and, in situations where all authors have contributed equally, alphabetical or random order.
  • Readers cannot know, and should not assume the meaning of the order of authorship unless the approach to assigning order has been described by the authors.
  • Authors may want to include with their manuscript a description of how the order was decided. If so, editors should welcome this information and publish it with the manuscript.
  • Disputes about authorship are best settled at the local level, before journals review the manuscript. However, at their discretion, editors may become involved in resolving authorship disputes.
  • Changes in authorship at any stage of manuscript review, revision, or acceptance should be accompanied by a written request and explanation from all of the original authors.
  • The integrity of the published record of scientific research depends not only on the validity of the science but also on honesty in authorship.
  • Editors and readers need to be confident that authors have undertaken the work described and have ensured that the manuscript accurately reflects their work, irrespective of whether they took the lead in writing or sought assistance from a medical writer.
  • The scientific record is distorted if the primary purpose of an article is to persuade readers in favor of a special interest, rather than to inform and educate, and this purpose is concealed.
  • Ghost authorship exists when someone has made substantial contributions to writing a manuscript, and this role is not mentioned in the manuscript itself. To prevent some instances of ghost authorship, editors should make clear in their journal’s information for authors that writers can be legitimate contributors and that their roles and affiliations should be described in the manuscript. When editors detect ghostwritten manuscripts, their actions should involve both the submitting authors and commercial participants if they are involved. Several actions are possible:
  • publish a notice that a manuscript has been ghostwritten, along with the names of the responsible companies and the submitting author;
  • alert the authors’ academic institutions, identifying the commercial companies; and
  • provide specific names if contacted by the popular media or government organizations;
Together, these actions would increase transparency and public accountability about ghostwriting and its manipulation of the scientific record and deter others from this practice.
 

 
Copyright
The contents of all TMU journals are under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License. To the extent this Public License may be interpreted as a contract, we are granted the Licensed Rights in consideration of your acceptance of these terms and conditions, and the Licensor grants you such rights in consideration of benefits the Licensor receives from making the Licensed Material available under these terms and conditions.
 
Creative Commons public licenses provide a standard set of terms and conditions that creators and other rights holders may use to share original works of authorship and other material subject to copyright and certain other rights specified in the public licenses. All TMU materials are under the Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International Public License. Your exercise of the Licensed Rights is expressly made subject to the following conditions:
   
If You Share the Licensed Material (including in modified form), You must retain the following if it is supplied by the Licensor with the Licensed Material:
            identification of the creator(s) of the Licensed Material and any others designated to receive attribution, in any reasonable manner requested by the Licensor (including by pseudonym if designated);
            a copyright notice;
            a notice that refers to this Public License;
            a notice that refers to the disclaimer of warranties;
            a URI or hyperlink to the Licensed Material to the extent reasonably practicable;
        indicate if You modified the Licensed Material and retain an indication of any previous modifications; and
        indicate the Licensed Material is licensed under this Public License, and include the text of, or the URI or hyperlink to, this Public License.
    You may satisfy the conditions in Section 3(a)(1) in any reasonable manner based on the medium, means, and context in which You Share the Licensed Material. For example, it may be reasonable to satisfy the conditions by providing a URI or hyperlink to a resource that includes the required information.
    If requested by the Licensor, You must remove any of the information required by Section 3(a)(1)(A) to the extent reasonably practicable.
    If You Share Adapted Material You produce, the Adapter’s License You apply must not prevent recipients of the Adapted Material from complying with this Public License.
 

 
Process for identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct
TMU and editors of all TMU journals are reasonable to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others. In doing so, TMU follows COPE’s guidelines in dealing with allegations.
The publication of peer-reviewed articles is an essential model for our journal "International Archives of Health Sciences". It is necessary to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer and the publisher. TMU ethical statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
  • Duties of Editors
 Publication decisions
- The editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published.
- The editors may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Fair play
- An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
Confidentiality
- The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
- Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author.
  • Duties of Reviewers
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
- Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.
Promptness
- Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process.
Confidentiality
- Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor.
Standards of Objectivity
- Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Acknowledgment of Sources
- Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor’s attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
- Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
  • Duties of Authors
Reporting standards
- Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.
Data Access and Retention
- Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such data (consistent with the ALPSP-STM Statement on Data and Databases), if practicable, and should, in any event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
Originality and Plagiarism
- The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.
Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
- An author should not in general, publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.
Acknowledgment of Sources
- Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
Authorship of the Paper
- Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.
- The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
- If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
- All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or another substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
Fundamental Errors in Published Works
- When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.
 

 
Ownership and Management
TMU has tried to make a practical division between the policy-makers of services/researches and the scientific decision-makers of scholarly materials. In TMU opinion, this is an important issue which should not be neglected by the journal management systems, because it can lead to low-quality outputs and deviate the way of medical science.
 
TMU has three major principles in scholarly publishing:
  1. The independence of Editorial Board members especially the Editor-in-Chief in making scientific decisions.
  2. Performing appropriate peer-review model for selecting scholarly materials.
  3. The structural consistency of published materials that help the readers and researchers to recover and use them easily.
TMU has tried to resist all parameters which conflict with these principles and also make all the participants of scholarly material production aware of the consequences of deviation from these principles.
 
The following are guidelines for protecting the responsibility and authority of editors-in-chief and owners:
  1. The conditions of the editors-in-chief’s employment, including authority, responsibilities, term of appointment, and mechanisms for resolving conflict, should be explicitly stated and approved by both editor and owners before the editor is appointed.
  2. Editors-in-chief should have full authority over the editorial content of the journal, generally referred to as "editorial independence." Owners should not interfere in the evaluation, selection, or editing of individual articles, either directly or by creating an environment in which editorial decisions are strongly influenced.
  3. Editorial decisions should be based mainly on the validity of the work and its importance to readers, not the commercial success of the journal. Editors should be free to express critical but responsible views about all aspects of medicine without fear of retribution, even if these views might conflict with the commercial goals of the publisher. To maintain this position, editors should seek input from a broad array of advisors, such as reviewers, editorial staff, an editorial board, and readers.
  4. Editors-in-chief should establish procedures that guard against the influence of commercial and personal self-interest on editorial decisions.
  5. Owners have the right to hire and fire editors-in-chief, but they should dismiss them only for substantial reasons, such as a pattern of irresponsible editorial decisions, scientific misconduct, disagreement with the long-term editorial direction of the journal, or personal behavior (such as criminal acts), that are incompatible with a position of trust. Furthermore it is preferable that any evaluation on which hiring or firing is based should be performed by a panel of independent experts, rather than a small number of executives of the owning organization.
  6. Editors-in-chief should report to the highest governing body of the owning organization, not its administrative officers. Major decisions regarding the editor’s employment should be made by this body with open discussion and time to hear from all interested parties. Some owners have found it useful to appoint an independent board to advise them on major decisions regarding their editor and journal.
  7. Editors should resist any actions that might compromise these principles in their journals, even if it places their own position at stake. If major transgressions do occur, editors should participate in drawing them to the attention of the international medical community.

 
Conflicts of Interests
All TMU journals’ Editorial Board members and the Editor-in-Chief submitted articles are gone under the same reviewing process as the other authors are gone. In the cases that a reviewer suspects undisclosed conflict of interest in a submitted manuscript or a reader suspects undisclosed conflict of interest in a published article (all authors are filling the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest at the submission time) TMU will follow COPE’s guidelines.
 
Revenue Sources/Advertising/Direct Marketing
TMU is financially supported completely by the Tarbiat Modares University and has no other sources for earning funds. TMU accepts No advertisements on the site or even as a report article.
 
Publishing Schedule/Archiving
TMU journals are published by different frequencies. All the content from the beginning to the end will be available forever on TMU’s own website. Also, TMU journals are included at EBSCOhost and some of them have been indexed in the SCOPUS database.
 

 
Financial Codes
Many scientific journals derive a substantial income from advertising or reprints, creating a potential conflict of interest. Editorial decisions of TMU journals are not influenced by advertising revenue or reprint potential, and the editorial and advertising functions at our journals are independent. Although TMU journals do not accept any advertisements, advertisers and donors should have no control over editorial material under any circumstances.
 
Reprinted articles of TMU journals are published as they originally appeared in the journal (including subsequent corrections); that is, there is no alteration or revision of articles for a supplement or reprint other than corrections. The content of special supplementary issues (if any) are determined only by the usual editorial process and are not influenced in any way by the funding source or advertisers. Limitations on how reprinted articles may be combined with advertisements or endorsements of a product or company are explicitly addressed in journal policy. TMU journals supplements undergo peer review the same as the rest of the journal.
 
  1. Journals should have a formal advertising policy, and this should be made available to all constituents of the journal. Briefly, journals should require all advertisements to clearly identify the advertiser and the product or service being offered. In the case of drug advertisements, the full generic name of each active ingredient should appear. Commercial advertisements should not be placed adjacent to any editorial matter that discusses the product being advertised, nor adjacent to any article reporting research on the advertised product, nor should they refer to an article in the same issue in which they appear. Limitations on how reprinted articles may be combined with advertisements or endorsements of a product or company should be explicitly addressed in journal policy. Ads should have a different appearance from editorial material, so there is no confusion between the two. Similar limitations (for the regular journal as well as supplements) may include placement of ads for related products on the front, rear, or inside cover pages of an issue that carries an editorial or original article on that topic. Policies on these issues should be explicit, and published in print or on the Web.
  2. Products or services being advertised should be germane to (a) the practice of medicine, (b) medical education, or (c) health care delivery.
  3. Advertisements may not be deceptive or misleading. Exaggerated or extravagantly worded copy should not be allowed. Advertisements should not be accepted if they appear to be indecent or offensive in either text or artwork, or contain negative content of a personal, racial, ethnic, sexual orientation, or religious character.
  4.  Journals must have the right to refuse any advertisement for any reason. The decision as to acceptance (and any questions about eligibility raised by readers or others) should be made in consultation with the journal’s editorial content team, and the editorial team should be regularly informed about the evaluation of advertising, especially those that are refused due to non-compliance with the journal’s guidelines.

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Director-in-Charge
Motaghizadeh, I; Associate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email:  motaghizadeh@modares.ac.ir
Tel: 82883651
Editor-in-Chief
Shairi, H. R; Professor of French language and literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran​
Email: shairi@modares.ac.ir​
Tel: 82884647​
Editorial Board

Aenehvand, S; Professor of History
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: aeneh_sa@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82884667
 
Radfar, A; Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email:
radfar@@ihcs.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 88046891-3
 
Dabir Moghaddam, M; Professor of Linguistics
Affiliation: Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
Email:
dabirmoghaddam@atu.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 88683703
 
Zahrai, S H; Professor of Russian language and literature
Affiliation: Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Email: hzahraee@ut.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 61119136
 
Mohammadi, M R; Associate professor of Russian language and literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: mrmoham@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82884608
 
Nikoubakht, N; Professor of Persian Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: n_nikoubakht@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82884627
 
Mirzaei, F; Professor of Arabic Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email:
f_mirzaei@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82886386
 
Rezaei, A A; Associate Professor of English Literature
Affiliation: Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Email: aarezaee@ut.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 88632188
 
Abbasi, A; Professor of French language and literature
Affiliation: Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
Email:
a-abbassi@sbu.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 29902446
 
Kiany, G R; Associate Professor of English Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: kiany_gh@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82884664
 
Motaghizadeh, I; Associate Professor of Arabic Language and Literature
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran
Email: motaghizadeh@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82883686
 
Aghagolzadeh, F; Professor of Linguistics
Affiliation: Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Email: aghagolz@modares.ac.ir
Tel: +98 (21) 82884654


Eslami, Z; Professor of Educational Psychology
Affiliation: Texas A & M University, USA 
Email: 
zeslamit@amu.edu

Coombe, c; Professor of General Studies
Affiliation: Dubai Men's College, Higher Colleges of Technology, UAE
Email: ccoombe@hct.ac.ae

Manuscript Submission Guidelines

Thank you for your interest in Language Related Research (LRR). LRR publishes bi-monthly in Persian and bi-annually in English and French. It is an open-access journal where all submitted manuscripts undergo a rigorous double-blind review. Prior to submission, authors are highly required to read through the Submission Guidelines meticulously and adhere to the instructions given below. Note that submission is a representation that the manuscript has not been published previously and is not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere.

 LRR  invites all Iranian and foreign researchers to contribute to the journal by submitting their papers germane to the following issues: Language Teaching and Learning, Teacher Education, Language Assessment, Comparative Linguistics, Semantics, Sociolinguistics, Pragmatics, Philosophy of Language, Psychology of Language, Discourse Analysis, Materials Development, as well as Learner Individual Differences.

 

The articles considered for publication can be in the following three categories:

a. Research articles: The articles should be research-oriented, resulted from the research work of the author(s).

b. Review-analytic articles: Accepted in quite a limited number and only from those top experienced authors in some specific fields, who have already published papers in the field.

c. Critical articles: By those distinguished authors, both Iranians and foreigners, in the related fields.

Manuscript Submission

Authors are required to submit their papers electronically by using the Language Related Research online manuscript submission and peer review system at https://lrr.modares.ac.ir/. The online system offers easy, straightforward log-in and submission process. Inquiries regarding journal policy, difficulty in a manuscript submission, and other such general topics can be sent to the Associate Editor at a.derakhshan@gu.ac.ir.  To submit your work, the corresponding author must register as a user on the journal website. An email message will be sent to the registered author with log-in details, which can be used to submit a paper via the online submission system.

Manuscript Preparation

The manuscripts submitted to LRR should follow the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), seventh edition. The length of the typical manuscript should be between 6000 and 8000 words, including tables, references, captions, footnotes, and endnotes. Manuscripts that exceed this word limit will be critically reviewed with respect to the length.

 

Authors are required to submit two manuscripts. The first one needs to encompass the following elements: manuscript title, author name(s), affiliation, department, email address, phone number, ORCID ID, and a biography of 80 words for each author. If the manuscript is a multiple-authored one, the order of the authors and the corresponding author should be specified. The second file needs to be anonymous, and it must contain English and Persian abstracts, as well as keywords in the main body of the article.

 

Note: Foreign authors are not required to send their Persian abstract.

 

Formatting Guidelines (Manuscript Submission Template) and Writing Style

Manuscripts should be checked for content and style (correct spelling, punctuation, and grammar; accuracy and consistency in the citation of figures, tables, and references; stylistic uniformity of entries in the References section; etc.). Please note the following guidelines.

  • Document size: A4 paper size
  • Font type and size: Times New Roman, 12 pt.
  • Margins on all sides: 2.5 cm
  • Line spacing for the abstract: single
  • Abstract’s word limit: between 150 and 250
  • Line spacing for the body of the paper: double
  • Space before paragraph: 0 pt.
  • Space after paragraph: 6 pt.
  •  First line of all the paragraphs should be indented by one tab key .5 inch.
  • Referencing style: both reference list and in-text citations should be in APA style.
  • Tables and figures: Tables and figures must be inserted in the text, and they must be in APA format.

 

The manuscripts must adhere to the following guidelines as well. Contributors are strongly required to use the template that is available on the Journal website for submitting manuscripts to LRR. Manuscripts that do not abide by the template and its style will not be sent to the reviewers. The abstract should be between 150 and 250 words, followed by three to five keywords, separated by a comma. The abstract must encompass information on the significance of the study, the clear purpose of the research, the methods and materials, the statistical analyses, major findings, and pedagogical implications.

 

The manuscript should be divided into the following sections: Introduction, Review of the Literature (which may include subsections such as the theoretical framework, empirical studies, etc.), Method (including participants, materials, and procedures), Results (Findings), Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements (in case) and References, and Appendices (if any). 

Note: The end-reference list should be on a new page and double spaced. Please use the hanging indent method for all the references (all lines after the first one are indented).

 

Authors are strongly required to comply with the formatting guidelines specified in the manuscript submission templates. Use the following links to download the template for the English manuscript, and the template for the Persian abstract (for the Iranian authors). Before submitting your article to be considered for publication in the LRR, make sure that it adheres to all guidelines given in this document; otherwise, the Journal Office may reject the paper before sending it out for review.

 

LRR Manuscript Submission Template

LRR Persian Abstract Submission Template

Plagiarism Check

Authors are strongly advised to run a plagiarism check on their manuscript, and they need to upload the file as a supplementary when submitting their manuscript. The Editorial Office also has the right to check the similarity index. By submitting your manuscript to LRR, you accept that your manuscript may be screened for plagiarism against previously published works. Please be informed that LRR takes plagiarism quite seriously , and the authors are cautioned against this. Authors submitting plagiarized material (either from self or from others) will enter a blacklist and will be unable to make future submissions to the Journal and our associate journals.

Note: The similarity index should be less than 10%; otherwise, the paper is not reviewed.

Disclosures  and Source of Funding

All authors are requested to disclose any possible conflict of interest, sources of funding, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans, and informed consent if the research involved human participants.

 Authorship Principles

LRR and the publisher assume all authors agreed with the content and that all gave explicit consent to submit and that they obtained consent from the responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out before the work is submitted.

 The Financial Requirements for Publication in LRR

NOTE: According to the formal announcement made by Tarbiat Modares University, manuscripts submitted to LRR for review and possible publication will be processed only when the following conditions are met:

  • After submitting your manuscript, if it is sent to the reviewers, 250,000 Tomans should be paid electronically, only via LRR’s operation system.
  • After final acceptance issued by the journal, 250,000 Tomans should be paid electronically, only via LRR’s operation system.

 

Information on APA seventh edition can be found at https://apastyle.apa.org/

 

For additional information on referencing, please check: 

 

LRR APA 7th Concise Guidelines

 



 

 

 

 

    Economic, Social, Cultural, Emotional, and Sensory Capitals in Academic Achievement
    Reza Pishghadam, Golshan Shakeebaee

    Effect of Direct Versus Indirect Focused Written Corrective Feedback on Developing EFL Learners’ Written and Oral Skills
    Maryam Esmaeeli, Karim Sadeghi

    Cultural conceptualizations of “death” in Bakhtiyari Dialect of Zazomahroo Region
    Gholamreza Khademi, Zahra Abolhasani Chimeh

    Keywords Extraction from Persian Thesis Using Statistical Features and Bayesian Classification
    jalale A.Nasiri

    A Comparative Study of Political Rhetoric in the Speech of Presidents of Iran and USA
    golnaz ghafourisaleh, Foroogh Kazemi

    The Online Atlas of the Languages of Iran: Design, Methodology and Initial Results
    Mortaza Mortaza Taheri-Ardali, Erik Anonby

    Analysis of Structure Narrative of Jamalzadeh and Anderson’s Short Stories from the Semiotics Approach
    Fatemeh Jamshidi, ali karimi firozjaei, Shohreh Chavoshian

    The Impact of Using Virtual Reality on English Pronunciation of Young EFL Learners
    Minoo Alemi, Shiva Khatooni

    The Psychological Reality of Evidentiality Hierarchy in Persian during Sentence Listening Comprehension
    masoumeh mehrabi, Behrouz Mahmoudi bakhtiari

    investigating and Analyzing the application of text worlds theory on Persian poetry analyzing ( Case Study: One saadi's sonnet and one Nima's free verse poem)
    reza refaee ghadimi mashhad, Gholamhosein Gholamhoseinzade

    The grammaticalization of the indefinite article in Old Persian; A Construction Grammar account
    Mehrdad Meshkinfam, Mehrdad Naghzguy-Kohan

    Critical Discourse Analysis of Speeches of Previous Presidents of Islamic Republic of Iran at the United Nations General Assembly
    Mansour Shabani, Seyyed Misagh Habibzadeh

    Coordination Ellipsis and Gapping: A Cognitive Construction Approach
    Mohammad Yousefvand, Shoja Tafakkori Rezayi, Amer Gheitury

    Statistical Analysis of Vocabulary Interference and its Role in Writing Skill of Arabic language
    E. mottaqi, Tahre Khanabadi

    A Qualitative Model of English Teacher Self-Disclosure from the Perspective of ELT Stakeholders in Iran
    Ramin Akbari, Gholamreza Kiany, میلاد بهشتی پرور

    Pictorial Illustrations in Persian Monolingual Dictionaries
    Azita Abbasi, badrijalali@gmail.com Seyed Jalali

    Towards The Optimal Cognitive Diagnostic Model (CDM) for Grammar Section of MA Entrance Examination of State Universities for EFL Candidates
    Masoud GeramiPour, Hossein Talebzadeh, Somayeh Mahdi

    Embodiment of conceptual metaphors and comprehension of abstract concepts in 5 to 7 year old Persian Speaking Children
    vahideh soltani, reza nilipour, Mehdi Purmohammad, Peyman Hasani-abharian

    A semantic cognitive approach to teaching concrete and abstract concepts of prepositions
    Zahra Badamdari, Mahmood Elyasi

    Bilingual Narrative development in Mazandarani-Farsi children
    Atoosa Rostambeik Tafreshi, Mohammad Aref Amiri

    The trace of word’s identity in verbalizing of narratives
    Elham Akhlaghi Baghoojari, Shahla Sharifi, Ali Izanloo

    Criteria of Simplification of Old Literary Texts: A Case Study of Kelile and Demne
    Atieh Javadi Rad, Farhad Sasani

    Statistical Evidence for Mood Functions of “be-” in Modern Persian: A Diachronic Study
    Roohollah Mofidi

    Phase Based Analysis of Extraction in Persian: Evidence from Noun and Adjective Phrases
    Ali Darzi

    The Relationship Between Iranian EFL Learners’ Knowledge of Idiosyncratic and Formulaic Implicatures and Their Proficiency Level
    Ali Derakhshan

    The effect of the focused and unfocused written corrective feedback on Iranian intermediate learners’ accuracy of simple past tense
    Afsaneh Saeedakhtar, reza abdi, Azam Akbari

    Investigating the Representation of Ideological Foregrounding and Journalistic Translators’ Agency: Iran-U.S. Relations in Focus
    Mehdi Latifi Shirejini, Mahmoud Afrouz

    Diachronic changes of conceptual metaphors of Bravery in Persian: A cognitive and corpus based approach
    eshrat saghafi, Azita Afrashi, Mostafa Assi, Abdolhosein Farzad

    A Critical Evaluation of the New English Language Program in the National System from the Perspective of ELT Curriculum Specialists: The Language-in-education Policy and Planning Framework
    Hossein Davari, Abutaleb Iranmehr, Seyyed Behnam Alavi Moghaddam, Saeed Nourzadeh

    Neural processes involving cognitive control and temporal gyrus bring about reversed language effect in language task switching
    Fatemeh Tabassi Mofrad, Reza Ghafarsamar, Reza Kiany

    Kinship Terms and Terms of Address of Nanaji Dialect
    Reza Amini

    A corpus-based investigation of near-synonymy of ‘‘ziyâd and farâvân’’ size adjectives and their inflectional forms according to behavioral profile approach
    Mehrzad Mansouri, Samad Moghimi Sarani, Amirsaeid Moloodi

    Pausal phonology in Qur'an
    Mahmood Bijankhan, Sima Avazpour

    Discourse Representation in Pictures of English Language Textbooks "Visions" and "Prospects" Based on Semiology, Case Study: Ethnicity and Location
    شیمازرگربالای جمع ایمیل: shz5723@yahoo.com دانشجوی دکتری زبان Shima Zargar Balaye Jam', Shahram Modarres Khiabani, Mohammadjavad Hejazi

    The Historical Study of Some Morphological Elements of Sistani Dialect
    Abbas Ali Ahangar, Mansooreh Delaramifar

    Examining Emotion in Sense-Based Teaching: A Cognitive Task of Sentence Comprehension
    Sahar Tabatabaee Farani, Reza Pishghadam

    The effects of a second language reading strategy instruction on Iranian EFL learners’ reading comprehension and reading anxiety
    Jalil Fathi, Mohsen Shirazizadeh

    The Comparison of discourse markers in the narrative discourse of 7 and 10 –year-old Persian-speaking children with adults
    Elahe ‎Taheri Ghaleno, mohammad dabirmoghaddam

    Syntactic Processes involved in the Derivation of WH- Multiple Questions
    Akram Razavizadeh, hengameh vaezi, Latif Attari, Mohammad Razinejad, abdolhossein heidari

    The role of gender in producing linguistic variation in Persian translations of the book entitled as The Metamorphosis compiled by Franz Kafka: an interface between sociolinguistics and generative grammar
    Ebrahim rezapour

    Persian Endocentric Compounds: Simple or Complex Conceptual Structures?
    Masoumeh Diyanati, Hadaegh Rezaei, Adel Rafie

    Internal Features of 50 Persian Idiomatic Expressions
    homeira niavarani, Gholamhossein Karimi Doostan, Belghis Rovshan, Zahra Abolhasani Chimeh

    The Analysis of Persian Speakers’ cognition in categorization: taxonomic or thematic categorization?
    Raheleh Gandomkar

    question intonation in Persian
    vahid Sadeghi

    From need to necessity: bayad in Iranian Languages
    Sepideh Koohkan, Arsalan Golfam

    The study of the inverse flow of grammatical metaphor in the process of popularization of scientific articles in the mass media
    Moloud Shariatzadeh, Farideh Haghbin, Hayat Ameri

    The representation of enemy in the memoirs of a Woman in Captivity: A Case Study of the Book I Am Alive
    Arezou Soleimani, Farhad Sasani, Ahmad Pakatchi

    Identifying and Classifying the Challenges of Persian Language Instructors to Non-Persian Speakers in Multicultural Classes
    Zahra Abbasi, Hayat Ameri, Hosein Mardanloo Moqadam

    Pragmatics of questions in Persian academic texts
    Ali Reza Gholi Famian

    Verb Movement in Sanandaji : Minimalist Approach
    Mojgan Osmani, Mohammad Ddabir-Moghaddam, Arsalan Golfam